This section describes two procedures to recover your passwords.
Complete these steps in order to recover your password: Attach a terminal or PC with terminal emulation to the console port of the router. Use these terminal settings: 9600 baud rate No parity 8 data bits 1 stop bit No flow control Refer to these documents for information on how to cable and connect a terminal to the console port or the AUX port: Cabling Guide for Console and AUX Ports Connecting a Terminal to the Console Port on Catalyst Switches Connect a Terminal to Catalyst 2948G-L3, 4908G-L3, and 4840G Series Switches If you can access the router, type show version at the prompt, and record the configuration register setting. See Example of Password Recovery Procedure in order to view the output of a show version command. Use the power switch in order to turn off the router, and then turn the router back on.
Important Notes: In order to simulate this step on a Cisco 6400, pull out and then plug in the Node Route Processor (NRP) or Node Switch Processor (NSP) card. In order to simulate this step on a Cisco 6×00 with NI-2, pull out and then plug in the NI-2 card. Press Break on the terminal keyboard within 60 seconds of power up in order to put the router into ROMmon. If the break sequence does not work, refer to Standard Break Key Sequence Combinations During Password Recovery for other key combinations. Type confreg 0x2142 at the rommon 1> prompt in order to boot from Flash. This step bypasses the start-up configuration where the passwords are stored. Type reset at the rommon 2> prompt. The router reboots, but ignores the saved configuration. Type no after each setup question, or press Ctrl-C in order to skip the initial setup procedure. Type enable at the Router> prompt. You are in enable mode and should see the Router# prompt. Type configure memory or copy startup-config running-config in order to copy the nonvolatile RAM (NVRAM) into memory. Warning Warning: Do not type copy running-config startup-config or write. These commands erase your startup configuration. Type show running-config. The show running-config command shows the configuration of the router. In this configuration, the shutdown command appears under all interfaces, which indicates all interfaces are currently shut down. In addition, the passwords (enable password, enable secret, vty, console passwords) are in either an encrypted or unencrypted format. You can reuse unencrypted passwords. You must change encrypted passwords to a new password. Type configure terminal. The hostname(config)# prompt appears. Type enable secret in order to change the enable secret password. For example: hostname(config)#enable secret cisco Issue the no shutdown command on every interface that you use. If you issue a show ip interface brief command, every interface that you want to use should display up up. Type config-register
Note: The configuration register is usually set to 0x2102 or 0x102. If you can no longer access the router (because of a lost login or TACACS password), you can safely assume that your configuration register is set to 0x2102.